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CPR Class http://cprclass.ca CPR classes through St Mark James, St. Johns, and Lifesaving Society. Contact us: 1-888-870-7002 Wed, 14 Feb 2018 20:48:39 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Dealing With Allergic Asthma http://cprclass.ca/dealing-with-allergic-asthma/ http://cprclass.ca/dealing-with-allergic-asthma/#respond Sat, 30 Jul 2016 13:24:46 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1462 Overview Individuals with asthma often live with swollen airways. Medicines are available to stop the airways from constricting. Sometimes, however, certain substances can exacerbate the airways, and they might begin to inflame, constrict, and stop air from flowing through the lungs. These triggers, referred to as allergens, can consist of substances such as pollen, pet ...

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Overview

Individuals with asthma often live with swollen airways. Medicines are available to stop the airways from constricting. Sometimes, however, certain substances can exacerbate the airways, and they might begin to inflame, constrict, and stop air from flowing through the lungs. These triggers, referred to as allergens, can consist of substances such as pollen, pet hair, smoke, or mildew spores. When you breathe in an allergen, your body reacts by swelling and inflammation in the bronchial tubes and airways. This can result in becoming out of breath and breathing complications.

Causes of Allergic Asthma

Chest-Pain

Individuals with asthma often live with swollen airways. Medicines are available to stop the airways from constricting.

Allergens generate allergic asthma. Most frequent allergens do not usually cause injury to people. If you are not sensitive to the substance, you might inhale it and not see any complications. That’s not correct for individuals with allergic asthma, though. Allergic asthma patients might start noticing asthma symptoms soon after exposure to the substance or allergens.

The most expected allergens consist of:

  • Pet hair.
  • Cockroach faeces.
  • Dust mites.
  • Gasses or odors.
  • Fluctuations in the climate.

Symptoms of Allergic Asthma

  • Consistent coughing.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Chest feels constricted.
  • Breathing is fast or irregular.
  • Lack of breath.
  • Sore chest.

Treating Allergic Asthma

There are three kinds of medicines that can be used to treat allergic asthma. One kind treats your body’s response to the substance or allergen. The other two kinds of medication treat asthma and the lungs.

The most frequently used allergy medications consist of:

  • Allergy inoculations: Immunotherapy can slowly decrease your body’s immune reaction. To do this, an immunologist will inoculate you with tiny quantities of an allergen over an extensive amount of time. Ultimately, your immune system will not react excessively to the existence of that specific allergen.
  • Antihistamines: These medicines can decrease the immune system’s allergic reaction to a substance.
  • Nasal sprays: Nasal sprays, dependent on the medicines they contain, usually relieve allergy symptoms.
  • Eye drops: These droplets can clean allergens from the eye and depending on the medicines they contain, might stop allergic symptoms such as wet, inflamed eyes.
  • Topical treatments: Creams and ointments can relieve allergy symptoms that disturb your skin, such as itching and hives.
  • Immunomodulators: These medications work to subdue the immune system and stop a defective overreaction caused by a substance.
  • Oral corticosteroids: This kind of medication can treat a serious allergic reaction and might be used for emergency treatment.

ExerciseTraining with Asthma

Is asthma stopping you from working out? Asthma doesn’t have to though. Determine which types of exercise are best for individuals with asthma and how to manage your asthma whole exercising.

Related Video on Asthma

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Factors That Increase a Cold http://cprclass.ca/factors-that-increase-a-cold/ http://cprclass.ca/factors-that-increase-a-cold/#respond Sat, 30 Jul 2016 12:35:46 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1458 Introduction Differing to what we were told as kids, damp hair does not cause a cold. Colds are essentially caused by more than 200 hundred viruses. There are issues that can increase the possibility of getting the common cold. These factors consist of age, sleep deprivation, anxiety, smoking, and the time or season of the year. ...

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Introduction

Differing to what we were told as kids, damp hair does not cause a cold. Colds are essentially caused by more than 200 hundred viruses.

There are issues that can increase the possibility of getting the common cold. These factors consist of age, sleep deprivation, anxiety, smoking, and the time or season of the year.

Factors that Increase Colds

Age

Hypothermia

Differing to what we were told as kids, damp hair does not cause a cold. Colds are essentially caused by more than 200 hundreds viruses.

  • A cold is more dominant in babies and under-fives. Young kids are more susceptible because their immune systems haven’t developed and haven’t established resistance to viruses.
  • Young kids are normally surrounded by other kids. They are less likely to rinse their hands during the day—one of the best methods to avoid a cold—or they don’t place their hands in front of their mouths when sneezing or coughing.

Sleep Deprivation

  • In older kids and adults, sleep deprivation is believed to adversely affect the immune system.Research have found a connection between not getting sufficient sleep or not getting quality sleep and getting a cold.
  • Different people with different ages have various optimal stages for sleep. Adults should get about eight hours, teens nine to 10, and school-age kids might even need more than 10.

Seasons

  • A cold is more widespread during cold months. During winter and fall, adults and kids are inside more often. This puts them in close vicinity to each other, which also escalates the risk of viruses that cause colds.
  • In places with no real winter climate, colds are more regular in the rainy season for this exact reason.
  • Dry air also exacerbates cold symptoms, dehydrating the mucous tissues in the nose and throat and causing a congested nose and painful throat.
  • Think about making use of a humidifier in your house or workplace to add some moistness to the air. Though, be sure to exchange the water every day and wash the machine regularly to avoid releasing microorganisms and mildew into the air.

Smoking

  • Smoking unsettles the immune system, which is your body’s resistance to fight colds and viruses.
  • Smoking exposes you to noxious substances that can aggravate the throat lining and exacerbate your cold and lead to symptoms such as a raw throat. According to some research, smokers are also prone to develop severe breathing problems from the common cold.
  • Studies also display that second-hand smoke places individuals at a higher risk for colds as well. Kids and babies who live in homes where smoking is present are also at risk for severe respirational conditions, such as pneumonia and bronchitis.

Related Video on Colds

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Cuts: When Stitches Are Needed http://cprclass.ca/cuts-when-stitches-are-needed/ http://cprclass.ca/cuts-when-stitches-are-needed/#respond Sun, 17 Jul 2016 11:23:18 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1456 Overview It is vital to determine if your cuts has to be stitched by a GP. Your risk of infection escalates if you wound stays open for too long. The majority of wounds that need to be closed should be stitched, fastened, or sealed with skin glue (also known as liquid stitches). Rinse the wound properly and ...

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Overview

It is vital to determine if your cuts has to be stitched by a GP. Your risk of infection escalates if you wound stays open for too long. The majority of wounds that need to be closed should be stitched, fastened, or sealed with skin glue (also known as liquid stitches).

Rinse the wound properly and end the bleeding, then squeeze the sides of the wound. If the edges of the wound can be held together and it doesn’t look bad, you might still want to consider visiting your GP to treat it. If treatment might be required, do not use an antibacterial until after a GP has observed the wound.

The position and kind of wound also determines how soon it should be seen to.

Ice-Pack-for-Knee-Injuries

It is vital to determine if your cuts has to be stitched by a GP. Your risk of infection escalates if you wound stays open for too long.

  • Wounds that are likely to get infected, such as unclean cuts, are generally sealed within 6 hours after the injury. Sometimes a wound that could be infected will not be sealed until after at least 24 hours, or might not even be stitched at all. This is so proper antibiotics and cleaning can be done to avoid infection.
  • A cut that has been severed with a clean item, such as a kitchen blade, might be treated from 12 to 24 hours after the injury, dependent on the position of the cut.
  • A wound to the face might be treated to decrease any scarring.

Treatment by a GP is more likely to be required for:

  • Deep wounds that are more than 5 mm (0.25 in.), or that have serrated edges.
  • Wounds that go down to the muscle, fat, bone, or other deep tissues.
  • Wounds that affect the joints, particularly if the wound is visible when the joint is shifted or if you can see the bone or muscle when the wound is pulled apart.
  • Wounds that are deep on the fingers or hands.
  • Wounds that appear on the lips, face or any region where you are concerned about scars.
  • Wounds on the eyelids often need treatment for both functional and cosmetic reasons.
  • Wounds that carry on bleeding after 15 minutes of pressure has been applied to the wound.

The kinds of wounds listed above generally need an assessment by a GP but might not always need to be stitched closed.

Treatment by a GP might not be required for:

  • Wounds with flat edges that remain together.
  • The majority of puncture wounds.
    • The wounds are inclined to be smaller, and treating it does not promote healing or decrease scarring.
    • The wounds are normally deep, thinner, and tricky to clean. Concealing a puncture wound with stitches, or skin adhesive might increase bacteria.

Related Video on Cuts

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Preventing The Flu http://cprclass.ca/preventing-the-flu/ http://cprclass.ca/preventing-the-flu/#respond Sun, 17 Jul 2016 09:56:28 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1460 Personal Cleanliness When coughing or sneezing, place your hand in front your nose and mouth with a tissue. Dispose the tissue immediately after you are done. Rinse your hands with water and soap. Rinse your hands frequently with soap and water. If water or soap is not accessible, you can also use a hand rub or ...

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Personal Cleanliness
  • When coughing or sneezing, place your hand in front your nose and mouth with a tissue. Dispose the tissue immediately after you are done. Rinse your hands with water and soap.
  • Rinse your hands frequently with soap and water. If water or soap is not accessible, you can also use a hand rub or gel. Try not to share towels when drying your hands.
  • Try not to touch your eyes, mouth, and nose.
  • Stay away from people who are sick.
  • If you are ill with the flu, it is recommended that you remain at home for at least one day after your fever is gone, except for going to see your GP. A person’s fever is gone when the temperature returns to normal.
  • While you are ill, restrict your contact with people as much as possible.

Vaccination (flu injection)

Using-a-clean-drainage-dressing-for-a-cut-on-the-arm

When coughing or sneezing, place your hand in front your nose and mouth with a tissue. Dispose the tissue immediately after you are done. Rinse your hands with water and soap. Rinse your hands frequently with soap and water. If water or soap is not accessible, you can also use a hand rub or gel. Try not to share towels when drying your hands.

  • Vaccination is particularly important for individuals at high risk of severe complications from the flu: young kids, pregnant females, folks with chronic health disorders (like asthma, heart disease, diabetes) and individuals older than 65 years of age.
  • Seasonal flu injections are also vital for health care employees, and other individuals care for high-risk individuals.

When to Get Inoculated

Annual flu inoculation should start in September or as soon as vaccine is obtainable and carry on throughout the flu season, into December. The timing and period of flu seasons differ. While influenza occurrences can occur as early as October, most of the time, flu activity starts in January or later.

Who Should Not Be Inoculated

There are some individuals who should not have a flu injection without first referring to a GP. These include:

  • Individuals who have a serious reaction to chicken eggs.
  • Individuals who have had a serious reaction to a flu vaccination.
  • Kids below the age of six months (flu injection is not permitted for this age group), and
  • Individuals who have a mild-to-severe disorder with a high fever (they should hold on until they get better to get immunized.)

Wash Your Hands Frequently

Flu viruses can be distributed through tiny drops of saliva that are coughed or sneezed out into the air by a contagious individual, and inhaled in by another individual.

If a sick person sneezes in their hand, and then touches an item (such as a handle) the germ can pass from the item to the next individual who touches it.

By cleaning your hands regularly, you will eliminate any germs you have picked up.

 

Related Video On Flu Prevention

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Building Your First Aid Kit http://cprclass.ca/building-your-first-aid-kit/ http://cprclass.ca/building-your-first-aid-kit/#respond Sun, 17 Jul 2016 08:34:30 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1286 Get a strongbox for Your First Aid Kit Your first aid kit should be reachable and manageable. You want one that’s large enough to hold the essentials. A little tackle box makes an excellent first aid kit or you can utilize something as easy as a resealable freezer bag. Think about the sort of first ...

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Get a strongbox for Your First Aid Kit

Your first aid kit should be reachable and manageable. You want one that’s large enough to hold the essentials. A little tackle box makes an excellent first aid kit or you can utilize something as easy as a resealable freezer bag. Think about the sort of first aid kit you intend to assemble, and where you will store it.

Where to Store Your First Aid Kit

First aid kits have a pattern of ending up in the yard, upstairs

in the loft, out in the garage — essentially, anywhere apart from where you need them in an urgent situation. Storing your first aid kit in a vital place helps to make sure that it will be reachable during big or small emergencies. It’s an excellent plan to keep two different first aid kits: one for the house and an additional one for the car. Having more than one first aid kit means they will be accessible at all times. Some sensible places to keep first aid kits consist of:

  • bathroom cupboard
    Putting-Gloves-On

    Your first aid kit should be reachable and manageable. You want one that’s large enough to hold the essentials. A little tackle box makes an excellent first aid kit or you can utilize something as easy as a resealable freezer bag.

  • kitchen cupboard
  • car
  • workshop
  • garage
  • classroom

The Most vital piece for a Car or Boat First Aid Kit

When arranging a car or boat first aid kit, there’s only a single item that’s totally essential. Irrespective of what you pack for bandaging, to utilize for splints, or even if you have a guard for doing mouth-to-mouth, your first aid kit must have a mobile phone. There is no better device in the occurrence of a crisis.

Mobile phones must have sufficient battery power to switch the phone on, but you don’t need an existing agreement with a service provider to call the emergency services. Law stipulates that mobile phones must be able to contact emergency services anytime the number is dialed, despite the service contract. So take your previous mobile phone that you don’t utilize anymore and place it in your first aid kit.

Medical Particulars for Your First Aid Kit

While not part of your first aid kit, anyone with a health condition should have their medical particulars easily available at all times. There are numerous ways to systematize medical particulars and make it accessible for first aiders.

For your first aid kit, it would benefit you to keep the following:

  • tweezers
  • alcohol swabs
  • antibacterial hand sterilizer
  • medicinal adhesive tape
  • sanitary gauze
  • expandable bandages
  • numerous sizes of adhesive dressings
  • antibiotic cream
  • scissors for cutting bandages
  • triangular dressings
  • direct cold packs
  • examination gloves

 Related Video on First Aid Kits

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Treating A Broken Nose http://cprclass.ca/treating-a-broken-nose/ http://cprclass.ca/treating-a-broken-nose/#respond Sat, 16 Apr 2016 10:54:48 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1454 Introduction  A broken nose can be painful and is usually caused by a blow to the face or falling on the face. The good news is that broken noses usually heal up in about three weeks, and caring for this break can often be done at home. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you need to ...

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Introduction 

A broken nose can be painful and is usually caused by a blow to the face or falling on the face. The good news is that broken noses usually heal up in about three weeks, and caring for this break can often be done at home. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you need to see the GP as soon as possible.

Determining if your Nose is Broken

Eye-Pain

A broken nose can be painful and is usually caused by a blow to the face or falling on the face. The good news is that broken noses usually heal up in about three weeks, and caring for this break can often be done at home. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you need to see the GP as soon as possible.

For those who are unsure as to whether their nose is broken or not. Keep in mind the characteristics of a broken nose:

  • You have bruising around your eyes
  • The nose is bleeding or did bleed upon impact
  • The nose is tender to the touch
  • The nose has a crunching or crackling sound when touched
  • The nose does not look as it once did
  • You cannot breathe out of your nose

Treating your Nose at Home

Though not all broken noses are going to require at home treatment, especially if the septum and the skin are still intact. For those who break their nose, at home, they will want to:

  • Use an icepack for the nose for ten to fifteen minutes every couple of hours for the first days after injury
  • Stop the bleeding of the nose by leaning your head forward and pinching the soft part of the nose above the nostrils
  • Use over the counter pain medications for pain
  • Reduce the swelling by sleeping your head propped up

If you feel as though the nose does not look right, do not try to straighten this on your own, instead see a doctor. You will want to ensure that you avoid blowing or picking your nose for a few weeks, avoid physically strenuous activities for two weeks and contact sports for at least 6 weeks.

Treat your Nose Symptoms

  • Place ice on the affected area for pain and inflammation.
  • Have the individual relax and keep the head raised even while asleep.
  • The individual should not blow their nose.
  • Provide the person with acetaminophen to ease the pain. Do not offer aspirin or ibuprofen.

Call the Doctor

You will want to call your doctor in the following situations:

  • The pain is not being relieved or becomes worse
  • The swelling is not going down after a few days
  • You are finding it difficult to breathe through your nose
  • Your nose appears crooked
  • Your nose keeps bleeding on and off
  • You begin to have a fever

Related Video on a Broken Nose

 

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First Aid For Scars http://cprclass.ca/first-aid-for-scars/ http://cprclass.ca/first-aid-for-scars/#respond Sun, 03 Apr 2016 10:23:14 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1471 Overview Of Scars A scar forms due to a wound or injury and it becomes a mark that does not fade over time, even after this has healed. They are very common, and almost everyone has some sort of scar. Scars can occur on the interior and exterior of the body. For example, scarring can ...

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Overview Of Scars

A scar forms due to a wound or injury and it becomes a mark that does not fade over time, even after this has healed. They are very common, and almost everyone has some sort of scar. Scars can occur on the interior and exterior of the body. For example, scarring can happen on organs if surgery happens.

Now a scar isn’t too frightening if it’s tiny or in a place that’s easy to cover. But when it’s not, you might think if there’s a method to treat it, other than concealing it underneath your clothing. The fact is the scar will never fully disappear. But there are a few procedures that can help decrease its magnitude and alter how it looks.

 

The Formation of Scars

Ice-Pack-for-Knee-Injuries

A scar forms due to a wound or injury and it becomes a mark that does not fade over time, even after this has healed. They are very common, and almost everyone has some sort of scar.

When a wound happens, the body responds by producing more collagen to help aid in the healing process. This collagen is going to build up and help to strengthen the wound. The collagen will continue to form, with blood supply increasing in this area. This will cause the skin to become inflamed, red and often appear lumpy. The collagen will later break down, but the scar will form a smoother surface, but still showcase where there was a wound.

Scars can take up to two years to fade. After this point of time, they are unlikely to fade.

Why and Where do scars form?

The why as to scars forming can be a variety of things:

  • Surgery
  • Accidental injuries
  • Burns
  • Scalds on the skin
  • Intentionally harming yourself

Scarring is not the same for every person, and there are areas of the body that are more likely to scar. For example, the back, ear lobe, chest, and shoulder are more likely to scar. Scars over moveable joints can become larger, due to the mobility of the joint, such as the knees or elbows.

Treating Scars

There are various treatments that are meant to help reduce the appearance of the scar. They are not going to disappear completely, but they can fade. Some of the options include:

  • Pressure dressings
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Silicone gel sheets
  • Utilizing makeup to cover these
  • Surgery

Many times, a person may use a combination of treatments in order to decrease the scar visibility.

Preventing Scars

There are things you can do that are going to help to prevent scars. This includes:

  • Do not scratch or pick at the scabs of a wound
  • Utilizing ointments like Vaseline to help heal the skin
  • Using silicone gels that are meant to encourage healing and minimize scars

 Related Video On Scars

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Managing The Causes Of Diarrhea http://cprclass.ca/managing-the-causes-of-diarrhea/ http://cprclass.ca/managing-the-causes-of-diarrhea/#respond Sun, 06 Sep 2015 15:35:06 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1443 Overview Diarrhea is a disease that is spread from one person to another due to infection from an organism. According to statistics, India falls behind the rest of the world because of the large number of people who do not have access to proper bathrooms which leads to open defecation, a practice common in rural ...

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Overview

Diarrhea is a disease that is spread from one person to another due to infection from an organism. According to statistics, India falls behind the rest of the world because of the large number of people who do not have access to proper bathrooms which leads to open defecation, a practice common in rural parts of the country.

Causes

Hypothermia

Diarrhoea is a disease that is spread from one person to another due to infection from an organism.

Most commonly, diarrhea is caused due to –

  • Infection
  • Eating contaminated food (food poisoning)
  • Drinking unclean water
  • Transmission from a person who is suffering from the condition.

Apart from this there are certain non-infectious conditions that can be the cause of diarrhea . These include –

  • Inflammation in the stomach lining
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Diverticulitis (a condition where a pouch forms in the wall of the stomach and gets infected)
  • Lactose intolerance (allergy to milk)
  • Allergies to certain foods
  • Certain medications
  • Side effect of certain surgeries (gallbladder removal or the removal of some part of the intestine)

Symptoms

Diarrhea is a condition where a person passes 3 or more loose watery stools per day, or that is more than normal for that person.  It may be accompanied with –

  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Pain and cramps in the stomach or abdominal region
  • Drastic weight loss (in severe cases)

Related Video On Diarrhea

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Determining The Symptoms Of Fainting http://cprclass.ca/determining-the-symptoms-of-fainting/ http://cprclass.ca/determining-the-symptoms-of-fainting/#respond Sun, 06 Sep 2015 14:54:36 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1441   Overview Fainting is a short-lived episode of unconsciousness caused by an abrupt drop in blood pressure. The most expected cause of this unexpected drop will either be some variation in the blood vessels or the heartbeat itself. Blood vessels constantly regulate their width to guarantee constant blood pressure. For example, the vessels contract (tighten) ...

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Overview

Fainting is a short-lived episode of unconsciousness caused by an abrupt drop in blood pressure. The most expected cause of this unexpected drop will either be some variation in the blood vessels or the heartbeat itself.

Blood vessels constantly regulate their width to guarantee constant blood pressure. For example, the vessels contract (tighten) when we stand up to offset the effects of gravity. Short-term low blood pressure can be caused by various occasions that prompt blood vessels to amplify (expand), including extreme heat, emotional anguish or pain. The deficiency of blood to the brain causes loss of consciousness.

Basic-Rescue-Techniques-in-Healthcare-provider-courses-in-Portland

Fainting is a short-lived episode of unconsciousness caused by an abrupt drop in blood pressure.

Most fainting will pass fast and won’t be severe. Generally, a fainting incident will only last a few seconds, though it will make the person feel ill and recovery might take several minutes. If a person doesn’t recover fast, always seek urgent medical assistance.

Symptoms of Fainting

The symptoms of a faint include:

  • Faintness
  • Dizziness
  • A whitish face
  • Perspiration
  • Intensified nervousness and restlessness
  • Vomiting
  • Collapse
  • Unconsciousness, for a few seconds
  • Complete recovery after a few minutes.

Sometimes, a collapse might be caused by a more severe incident such as a stroke or a disruption in the normal heart rhythm. A fainting episode may be telling you something is wrong and additional examination is sometimes vital.

If a person complains of breathing difficulty, chest pains or heart tremors, or if the pulse is quicker or slower than expected, the person should see a GP. Also, indistinct speech, facial droop or weakness in any limbs are signs of a severe problem.

Related Video On Fainting

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Identifying Strokes in Kids http://cprclass.ca/identifying-strokes-in-kids/ http://cprclass.ca/identifying-strokes-in-kids/#respond Sun, 06 Sep 2015 14:41:41 +0000 http://cprclass.ca/?p=1439 Overview Children and newborn babies can develop a stroke. A stroke is the disturbance of blood to the brain. The brain cells in the immediate region perish and those in the adjacent areas are affected by the condensed blood flow. Once brain cells perish, their functions die with them. The causes of juvenile strokes are ...

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Overview

Children and newborn babies can develop a stroke. A stroke is the disturbance of blood to the brain. The brain cells in the immediate region perish and those in the adjacent areas are affected by the condensed blood flow. Once brain cells perish, their functions die with them. The causes of juvenile strokes are not well comprehended, but are thought to contain blood vessel complications in the brain and clots travelling from the heart.

Types of stroke

Children and newborn babies can develop a stroke. A stroke is the disturbance of blood to the brain.

Children and newborn babies can develop a stroke. A stroke is the disturbance of blood to the brain.

There are two main types of stroke:

  • Ischaemic stroke – an embolism (either a clot of blood or a piece of debris) blocks a blood vessel in the brain, interrupting blood flow.
  • Haemorrhagic stroke – a ruptured blood vessel bleeds into the brain. In newborns, bleeding into the space surrounding the brain can occur and this is called a subarachnoid haemorrhage.

 

Symptoms of stroke in children

Strokes that occur in babies often show themselves as seizures, but they can be missed until parents notice later that the baby has difficulty moving a part of their body. Sometimes, strokes may affect the way a baby is developing.

Toddlers or older children may develop sudden signs such as:

  • Weakness in an arm or leg, particularly on one side. This can cause trouble with walking, standing and/or using the affected arm. For older kids, this might also include shock in the arm or leg.
  • Trouble speaking, understanding, reading, writing, or focussing.
  • Trouble with their vision.
  • Faintness, loss of balance or reduced coordination.
  • Difficulty absorbing food, including drooling.

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